Bibliography: Mexico (page 033 of 481)

This bibliography is selected and organized by the Positive Universe: Mexico website.  Some of the authors featured on this page include Rosa I. Toro, Marion Lloyd, Daniel Chiquiar, Jeffrey T. Cookston, Stephanie A. Kodatt, David Carrier, Kathy Bickmore, Kristin Anderson Moore, Fern Thompsett, and Scott Coltrane.

National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education (2008). Measuring Up 2008: The State Report Card on Higher Education. New Mexico. The purpose of a state report card is to provide the general public and policymakers with information to assess and improve post secondary education in each state. "Measuring Up 2008" is the fifth in a series of biennial report cards that evaluates states in six overall performance categories: (1) Preparation for post-secondary education and training; (2) Participation; (3) Affordability; (4) Completion; (5) Benefits; and (6) Learning. Respective findings for New Mexico relative to best-performing states include: (1) Underperformance in educating its young population could limit state access to a competitive workforce and weaken the state economy; (2) New Mexico does fairly well in providing college opportunities for its residents; (3) Higher education has become less affordable for students and their families; (4) New Mexico performs poorly in awarding certificates and degrees, but the state has improved over the decade; (5) A fairly small proportion of residents have a bachelor's degree, and the economic benefits to the state as a result are only fair; and (6) Like all states, New Mexico receives an "Incomplete" in Learning because there is not sufficient data to allow meaningful state-by-state comparisons. Based on previous state performance, the percentage of young adults in New Mexico who earn a high school diploma has remained stable since the early 1990s; college enrollment of young adults in New Mexico has improved slightly since the early 1990s; college enrollment of working-age adults, relative to the number of residents without a bachelor's degree, has declined; the share of family income, even after financial aid, needed to pay for college has risen substantially; the number of undergraduate credentials and degrees awarded in New Mexico, relative to the number of students enrolled, has increased since the early 1990s; and the percentage of residents who have a bachelor's degree has increased. In addition to information included in the summary report, the full report includes international comparisons, state-by-state 2008 grades and key indicators, frequently-asked questions answers, and available resources. (Contains 12 figures and 9 tables.) [For National Report, see ED503494. For New Mexico state summary, see ED503566.] [More] Descriptors: Higher Education, Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, Access to Education

Chiquiar, Daniel; Hanson, Gordon H. (2005). International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States, Journal of Political Economy. We use the 1990 and 2000 Mexican and U.S. population censuses to test Borjas's negative-selection hypothesis that the less skilled are those most likely to migrate from countries with high skill premia/earnings inequality to countries with low skill premia/earnings inequality. We find that Mexican immigrants in the United States are more educated than nonmigrants in Mexico; and were Mexican immigrants to be paid according to current skill prices in Mexico, they would be concentrated in the middle of Mexico's wage distribution. These results are inconsistent with the negative-selection hypothesis and instead suggest that there is intermediate selection of immigrants from Mexico. Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mexicans, Mexican Americans, Immigration

Lloyd, Marion (2005). Learning to Heal in a Hellish Landscape, Chronicle of Higher Education. Established in 1984 by organizations the Donkey Sanctuary and the International League for the Protection of Horses in conjunction with the National Autonomous University of Mexico's School of Veterinary Medicine, an outreach program seeks to provide veterinary care to animals in suburban underprivileged areas of Mexico City and other urban centers in Mexico. Veterinary students gain hands-on experience while offering emergency care to sick and wounded animals. [More] Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Outreach Programs, Horses, Veterinary Medicine

Collins, Ashleigh; Carrier, David; Moore, Kristin Anderson; Paisano-Trujillo, Renee (2010). Sustaining School-Based Services: Insights from New Mexico's Integrated School-Based Services. Research-to-Results Practitioner Insights. Publication #2010-09, Child Trends. Practitioners, school leaders, and policymakers serving the needs of youth and their families in New Mexico gathered in Albuquerque in June 2009 for four Roundtable discussions on sustaining integrated health, extended learning, and other social services in middle schools across the state that are a part of the Elev8 New Mexico initiative. Elev8 New Mexico sites function as full-service community schools combining educational and youth development best practices with in-house health, extended learning, and social services to assure that young people are prepared to learn and succeed. This statewide initiative is part of a larger national effort to bring together middle school students' extended learning, comprehensive school-based health, and direct family supports into a comprehensive and holistic program. This "Practitioner Insights" brief builds on three previous Roundtable discussions held on the topic in May 2008. This brief outlines the benefits, challenges and strategies for implementing school-based services that were discussed in the June 2009 Roundtables and shares the Roundtable participants' suggested improvements for sustaining these services. [More] Descriptors: Integrated Services, Middle School Students, Community Schools, Social Services

Burke, Jessica (2010). Significant Silence in Elena Garro's "Los Perros", Hispania. Elena Garro's one-act play "Los perros" (1958) confronts the difficult issue of sexual violence in rural Mexico, a problem that persists today. The characters struggle with the social reality of rape, alluding to the threat of sexual violence while avoiding addressing it directly. While words are granted an almost magical power in "Los perros", the various silences present are of great symbolic significance, at times becoming more significant than the words spoken. Silence speaks; and the discursive importance of silence in this powerful piece of theater is central to its message, signifying the inability to capture the physical horror of rape through language while simultaneously underscoring the importance of opening a public dialogue about sexual violence in Mexico. This paper explores the depths of the silences present in "Los perros"–their significance, their suggestiveness, their origins and their discursive power. [More] Descriptors: Drama, Rape, Foreign Countries, Language Usage

Thompsett, Fern (2017). Pedagogies of Resistance: Free Universities and the Radical Re-Imagination of Study, Learning and Teaching: The International Journal of Higher Education in the Social Sciences. Free universities are diverse but loosely networked projects that resist repressive capitalist and state configurations of power by re-imagining teaching, learning and research on their own terms, often through radical and ongoing experimentation. Drawing from my own experiences as a co-founder and organiser of the Brisbane Free University, along with research I conducted with around twenty-five different free universities across the U.S.A., Canada and Mexico, I focus in this article on activists' attempts to develop emancipatory countercapitalist pedagogies. Using Harney and Moten's (2013) notion of the tension between "study" and "education", with the former connoting a vast realm of possibilities for learning and the latter pointing to the presence of predefined end-points, I ask: when does activists' prefigurative work orbit around explicitly countercapitalist end-points to learning (against capitalism), and when do they attempt to abandon endpoints altogether, in favour of "radically open" forms of "learning for its own sake" (beyond capitalism)? [More] Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Universities, Experimental Colleges

Brietzke, Maria; Perreira, Krista (2017). Stress and Coping: Latino Youth Coming of Age in a New Latino Destination, Journal of Adolescent Research. Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the United States–North Carolina. All adolescents in our study were either the first- or second-generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries, including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico. We used a longitudinal qualitative design, conducting in-depth interviews with 12 parent-adolescent dyads during each adolescent's first year of high school (2006-2007) and approximately 4 years later (2009-2010). We identified four stress-coping trajectories that varied on the following dimensions: primary sources of stress, buffers countering these stressors, coping approaches, and the effects of these processes on adolescents' striving for socioeconomic mobility. Our findings underscore the interplay between family, school, and community environments within an emerging Latino destination. [More] Descriptors: Stress Variables, Coping, Hispanic Americans, Mental Health

Nieto, Diego; Bickmore, Kathy (2017). Immigration and Emigration: Canadian and Mexican Youth Making Sense of a Globalized Conflict, Curriculum Inquiry. This paper discusses findings from focus groups with youth located in underprivileged surroundings in one large multicultural city in Canada and in a moderately large city in Mexico, examining their understandings and lived experiences of migration-related conflicts. Canadian participants framed these conflicts as a problem of racist attitudes towards immigrants in an otherwise welcoming city. Mexican youth understood emigration as a questionable individual dream to overcome precarious economic conditions, bringing about violence to those travelling and family fractures for those who stay. We identify tensions between these dominant narratives about mobility and conflict–usually also present in intended curriculum–and students' first-hand, every day experiences with migration in each setting. We point out to youths' contrasting imaginaries of citizenship–sense of agency and identity positions–with regards to migration in each setting, showing the limited opportunities they have to make sense of their lived (globalized) conflicts beyond their own localized cultural explanations. We argue that connecting the recognition of cultural differences in the world with the power imbalances, unequal positions, and historically structured global inequities revealed by issues such as migration, must become a crucial effort in citizenship education on global issues. [More] Descriptors: Immigration, Focus Groups, Disadvantaged, Racial Bias

Schofield, Thomas J.; Toro, Rosa I.; Parke, Ross D.; Cookston, Jeffrey T.; Fabricius, William V.; Coltrane, Scott (2017). Parenting and Later Substance Use among Mexican-Origin Youth: Moderation by Preference for a Common Language, Developmental Psychology. The primary goal of the current study was to test whether parent and adolescent preference for a common language moderates the association between parenting and rank-order change over time in offspring substance use. A sample of Mexican-origin 7th-grade adolescents (M[subscript age] = 12.5 years, N = 194, 52% female) was measured longitudinally on use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana. Mothers, fathers, and adolescents all reported on consistent discipline and monitoring of adolescents. Both consistent discipline and monitoring predicted relative decreases in substance use into early adulthood but only among parent-offspring dyads who expressed preference for the same language (either English or Spanish). This moderation held after controlling for parent substance use, family structure, having completed schooling in Mexico, years lived in the United States, family income, and cultural values. An unintended consequence of the immigration process may be the loss of parenting effectiveness that is normally present when parents and adolescents prefer to communicate in a common language. [More] Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Grade 7, Longitudinal Studies, Smoking

Russell, Todd T.; Craddock, Christopher S.; Kodatt, Stephanie A.; Ramirez, Dora Maria (2017). Preventing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An Evidence-Based Prevention Program for Adolescent and Adult Hispanic Females in the South Texas Border Region, Online Submission. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) present serious problems for the twenty-first century. These disorders describe a variety of neurological and behavioral deficits that result from exposure of an unborn child to alcohol during pregnancy. While thousands of children are diagnosed with FASD annually, FASD is completely preventable if women refrain from consuming alcohol while pregnant. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of an evidence-based and culturally relevant FASD prevention program among adolescent and adult Hispanic females residing along the South Texas border with Mexico. All 239 youth and adult participants were concurrently receiving substance use intervention and/or treatment services from at least one of seven different programs operated by a single non-profit social services agency. The participants received the "Project CHOICES" intervention, which helps prevent alcohol-exposed pregnancies by focusing on reducing drinking and using contraception. The findings of this investigation indicated that women who successfully completed the FASD Prevention Program demonstrated increased effectiveness of birth control use and decreased use and abuse of alcohol. The empirical success of Project CHOICES and the FASD Prevention Program examined in this study serve as support for the goal of incorporating FASD information and contraceptive education into school-based recovery programs and community-based substance abuse intervention and treatment programs for adolescent and adult females. [More] Descriptors: Prevention, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Cultural Relevance, Hispanic Americans

Grijalva-Verdugo, Abel-Antonio; Moreno-Candil, David (2017). Social Empowerment in Mexican Violent Contexts through Media Competence, Comunicar: Media Education Research Journal. The acquisition of digital skills, media diet management, and general knowledge of ICT, is essential for the development and empowerment of audiences in the current media ecology, particularly considering the political and social challenges of the Latin American environment. In that sense, the study of media competence is urgent for sizing up the needs and characteristics of these communities. This work analyses the axiological and ideological dimension of media competence during an electoral process in northwestern Mexico, a region that is generally subject to violence related to organized crime. Twenty-three items pertaining to this dimension were selected from an instrument designed to evaluate media competence, which were applied to a probability sample of 385 subjects divided by digital natives, digital migrants, and digital illiterates. After an exploratory factor analysis, seven factors were identified. The intra and inter-group scores were explored, lower scores were found in components that allude citizens' participation and social action; likewise, three of seven factors showed statistically significant differences, being digital natives who reported a lower score. Therefore, the need to search for new strategies for citizens to acquire media competence is evident, in order for pro-summing to become a social empowerment tool. [More] Descriptors: Violence, Social Media, Technological Literacy, Crime

Izquierdo, Jesús; de-la-Cruz-Villegas, Verónika; Aquino-Zúñiga, Silvia-Patricia; Sandoval-Caraveo, María-del-Carmen; García-Martínez, Verónica (2017). Teachers' Use of ICTs in Public Language Education: Evidence from Second Language Secondary-School Classrooms, Comunicar: Media Education Research Journal. Worldwide, curricular changes and financial investments are currently underway to promote the integration of technology in public education and English language learning at a young age. This study examines the ICTs that have become part of the daily instructional practices and educational settings of teachers of English who work with young learners in public schools. To this end, this mixed-methods study draws on a quantitative descriptive-exploratory design and a qualitative multiple-case study. The quantitative data were collected through a Likert questionnaire administered to 28 secondary school teachers of English across 17 municipalities in five regions of Southeast Mexico and 2,944 learners. The qualitative data were gathered from a subsample of six teachers through longitudinal classroom observations, teacher and administrator interviews, and school visits. The non-parametric analyses of the quantitative data and the categorical aggregation analyses of the qualitative data reveal that the use of some multimedia and mobile-assisted communication resources is emerging in the L2 public classrooms. In line with findings from other international contexts, variables that seem particular to public education for young learners and their school setting, however, led teachers to prefer using their own technological devices that included laptops, multimedia material, and cellphones, rather than those in the schools. [More] Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Second Language Instruction, Mixed Methods Research

Álvarez-Arregu, Emilio; Rodríguez-Martín, Alejandro; Madrigal-Maldonado, Rafael; Grossi-Sampedro, Beatriz-Ángeles; Arreguit, Xavier (2017). Ecosystems of Media Training and Competence: International Assessment of Its Implementation in Higher Education, Comunicar: Media Education Research Journal. In a globalized and media society with unprecedented technological development, institutions of higher education are adapting their training models to face this new challenge. This study aimed to determine students' self-perception of their media competence and the differential influence of an ecosystemic model of training that is being implemented experimentally. The research methodology is mixed, as both a quantitative (descriptive and inferential analysis) as well as a qualitative analysis (are made of the contents of the open reports). A total of 808 university students enrolled in the 2015-16 course in different university centres and countries (Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, and Faculty of Economics-Business of University of Oviedo (Spain) and Technological Institute of Mexico), completed a questionnaire about media competence and wrote open reports about their experience with ecosystemic models. The results showed that university students have a favorable self-perception of their level of media competence, and they consider it important to develop by means of transversal training and ecosystemic training models. Significant differences between the students of the different degrees also emerged depending on whether or not an ecosystemic approach was used to develop the subjects. In conclusion, the study shows that these models favor teaching-learning processes in the university by adapting the technology to the users and improving their media competence. [More] Descriptors: Higher Education, International Assessment, Program Implementation, Mixed Methods Research

OECD Publishing (2017). Does the Quality of Learning Outcomes Fall When Education Expands to Include More Disadvantaged Students? PISA in Focus. No. 75. Globally, enrolment in secondary education has expanded dramatically over the past decades. This expansion is also reflected in PISA data, particularly for low- and middle-income countries. Between 2003 and 2015, Indonesia added more than 1.1 million students, Turkey and Brazil more than 400,000 students, and Mexico more than 300,000 students, to the total population of 15-year-olds eligible to participate in PISA. This welcome expansion in education opportunities makes it more difficult to interpret how mean scores in PISA have changed over time. Indeed, increases in coverage can lead to an underestimation of the real improvements that education systems have achieved. Household surveys often show that children from poor households, ethnic minorities or rural areas face a greater risk of not attending or completing lower secondary education. Typically, as populations that had previously been excluded gain access to higher levels of schooling, a larger proportion of low-performing students will be included in PISA samples. [More] Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment

Peñalva, Stacy L. (2017). An Ethnographic Portrait of Translingual/Transcultural Navigation among Immigrant Children and Youth: Voices during Sunday School at a Latino Church, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. This ethnographic study aims to foreground the voices of 34 first through twelfth graders who belong to first-generation immigrant families from Mexico and Central America and attend Nueva Vida Church (fictitious name) in a Midwestern US city. They insightfully reflect upon their language, culture and citizenship during Sunday school class focus groups, and as we listen to their honest conversations, we note themes that emerge as they live their translingual, transcultural and transnational lives: their perceptions of their own language use and fluency, the use of "Spanglish", language and family relationships, thoughts about language, culture and identity, linguistic agency, their decision-making processes, and so on. The study illuminates the unique set of skills and understandings possessed by these young people as they make meaning across and through cultures, languages and national ties. This study aims to turn up the volume on these immigrant voices and illuminate the process through which children with feet in more than one language, culture and country navigate and make decisions about their lives. [More] Descriptors: Immigrants, Hispanic Americans, Churches, Ethnography

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